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Yellow-Green Crosswalk Markings

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U.S. Department of Transporation, Federal Highway Administration Logo

400 Seventh St., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20590

December 21, 2006

In Reply Refer To: HOTO-1

Mr. Manny Ojeda
Department of Public Works
800 Broadway

Paterson, NJ 07505

Dear Mr. Ojeda:

Your agency previously wrote to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) requesting permission to experiment with yellow-green crosswalk markings, which do not comply with the national standards contained in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices MUTCD). Your agency's experimentation request was numbered 7-43(Ex). At this time, we are writing to all agencies that have previously corresponded with FHWA regarding these markings to notify them that the experimentations are being terminated.

Most experimenting jurisdictions have used the yellow-green markings at only a relatively few crosswalks and none have submitted any follow-up evaluations or data. However, the city of Chicago, Illinois, implemented these markings at well over 100 school crosswalks over a period of several years and completed a comprehensive scientific evaluation of the effects of the markings. Chicago's study found that the yellow-green crosswalk markings did not improve any quantifiable measures of effectiveness such as crashes or measured speeds. The study also found through surveys and interviews that the vast majority of school crossing guards, school principals, and parents believe that the yellow-green markings did not help to increase driver awareness, reduce speeds, improve yielding behaviors, or make the crosswalks feel safer to pedestrians. A copy of the Chicago study is enclosed for your reference.

The FHWA has concluded from the Chicago study that yellow-green crosswalk markings do not improve crosswalk safety. Therefore, we are hereby terminating all previously approved experimentations with these markings and no further requests will be approved. It is not necessary that existing yellow-green markings be removed immediately. They may be allowed to wear out and not be replaced in kind. At the next scheduled maintenance refurbishment of the crosswalks, the crosswalks should be marked with standard white markings only.

We appreciate your agency's interest in these markings as well as your interest in traffic safety and operations. If there are any questions about this matter, please feel free to contact Mr. Scott Wainwright of our staff by e-mail at or by telephone at 202-366-0857.

Sincerely yours,

/s/ Anthony T. Furst

Anthony T. Furst
Acting Director, Office of Transportation Operations

Enclosure: Chicago Study


Mr. Manny Ojeda
Department of Public Works
800 Broadway
Paterson, NJ 07505

Mr. Mark Lewis
City Engineer
Department of Public Works
10200 Slater Avenue
Fountain Valley, CA 92708

Mr. Bill Nighbert
Acting Transportation Secretary
Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
200 Mero Street
Frankfort, KY 40622

Mr. Jed Al-Imari
Street Department
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950 West 600 North
Logan, UT 84321

Mr. Max V. Phares
Traffic Engineering Manager
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150 South Kendall Street
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Ms. Janet Stewart
Director, Field Operations Department
City of Avondale
395 East Lower Buckeye Road
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Mr. Devin O. Rigby
District Engineer
Idaho Transportation Department
District 4
P.O. Box 2-A
Shoshone, ID 83352-0820

Mr. Stephen D. Nickels
Superintendent of Public Works
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333 James E. Bohanan Memorial Drive
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Mr. Mario R. Flores, Jr.
Street Superintendent
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525 North Lindsay Road
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Mr. Christopher S. Cash
Public Works Manager
City of Paramount
16400 Colorado Avenue
Paramount, CA 90723-5012

Mr. David C. Krauth
Principal Traffic Engineer
City of Colorado Springs
P.O. Box 1575, Mail Code 450
Colorado Springs, CO 80901-1575

Ms. Paul Porell
Traffic Engineering Director
City of Scottsdale
Transportation Department
7447 East Indian School Road, Suite 205
Scottsdale, AZ 85251

Mr. David Barber
Director of Public Works
Village of Downers Grove
5101 Walnut Avenue
Downers Grove, IL 60515-4074

Mr. Marco Schiappa
Department of Public Works
City of Cranston
869 Park Avenue
Cranston, RI 02910

Mr. Robert L. Moylan, Jr.
Commissioner of Public Works
City of Worcester
Department of Public Works
20 East Worcester Street
Worcester, MA 01604-3695

Mr. Vydas Juskelis
Public Works Director
Village of Villa Park
20 South Ardmore Avenue
Villa Park, IL 60181-2696

Mr. Tom O'Neill
Public Works Department
City of New Port Richey
6420 Pine Hill Road
Port Richey, FL 34668

Mr. Gerard Soffian
Office of the Director
Signs & Markings
New York City Department of Transportation
28-11 Queens Plaza North, 7th Floor
Long Island City, NY 11101

Mr. Charles A. Ramdatt
Transportation Engineering Division
City of Orlando
P.O. Box 4990
Orlando, FL 32802-4990

Mr. Chuck Hydeman
Streets Division Supervisor
City of Goodyear
P.O. Box 5100
Goodyear, AZ 85338

Mr. Bob Pierce
Public Works Director
City of Central Point
140 South Third Street
Central Point, OR 97502