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U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.
Washington, D.C. 20590
July 21, 2014
In Reply Refer To: HOTO-1
John L. Leonard, P.E., PTOE
Division of Traffic and Safety
Utah Department of Transportation
4501 South 2700 West
P.O. Box 141265
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-1265
Dear Mr. Leonard:
Thank you for your request for an interpretation concerning the use of the Yield Here to Pedestrian Signs and Stop Here for Pedestrian Signs referred to as the R1-5 series signs.
The purpose of the R1-5 series signs is to address the issue that occurs when drivers yield or stop too close to crosswalks that cross uncontrolled multi-lane approaches. This action can place pedestrians at risk by blocking other drivers’ view of pedestrians and by blocking the pedestrians' view of the vehicles approaching in the adjacent lanes. This is problematic since these are uncontrolled crossings and the drivers in the adjacent lane are not expecting to stop. For this reason, the 2009 Edition of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD) R1-5 associates the use with uncontrolled multi-lane approaches. During the development of these signs, the testing and evaluation of the R1-5 series occurred at multilane midblock crossings and the effectiveness of the R1-5 series signs was not evaluated for single lane or intersection applications.
Your specific questions are addressed in the following paragraphs.
It is FHWA's official interpretation that the Yield Here to Pedestrian Signs and Stop Here for Pedestrian Signs (R1-5 series signs) should only be used in advance of a crosswalk that crosses an uncontrolled, midblock, multilane approach.
For recordkeeping purposes, please use the following official interpretation number and title: "2(09)-86 (I) – Yield Here To (Stop Here For) Pedestrians Signs (R1-5 Series) - Utah DOT." Please refer to this number in future correspondence. If you have further questions on this matter, please contact Mr. Eric Ferron of our MUTCD Team at 720-963-3206 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Original signed by:
Paul Pisano for
Mark R. Kehrli
Director, Office of Transportation Operations
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration