The first non-stop electronic toll collection lanes in the U.S. were “dedicated lanes.” current implementations have been developed under a variety of opportunities and constraints. Some agencies (New York, Illinois, Pennsylvania, OOCEA and the Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise, among others) converted existing cash lanes to create dedicated lanes while others, such as the Delaware River and Bay Authority, have built new plazas incorporating dedicated lanes. In many cases conversions began with single lanes and then were expanded, incorporating specific traffic control design features along with other performance and safety enhancing changes at various stages of the conversion. As a result, there are quite a wide variety of implementations.
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